The history of calligraphy is really as long as man has been putting ideas down in one form or any other onto a surface. Written language was initially pictorial drawings and glyphs used all over the world by various cultures. The Egyptians raised this to some detailed art using their hieroglyphic type of writing. The written alphabet was created through the Phoenicians, and then adopted by the Greeks and Etruscans. Alphabets continued to be passed in one culture to another. By the first century, the Romans were carving letters into stone, painting them on walls, coupled with developed a cursive form for daily use. Written language continued to flourish before the fall of Rome.
Calligraphy, literally translated, means “beautiful writing”. During the Ancient, monks laboriously copied texts to breed and preserve literature, religious texts, along with other manuscripts. The work they do was carefully proofread by Elders plus they were supplied with distraction-free working environments to reduce mistakes. Calligraphy was used to produce a uniform look to the manuscripts. Works from this period are well-known for their ornately illuminated calligraphy.
The invention from the printing press in the 15th century, while making book production easier, did not put a stop to using calligraphy. Carefully handwritten script was utilized for invitations, letters, and formal correspondence.
When copperplate engraving was invented in the 17th century, calligraphy went into a decline. By the 19th century, new forms of pens made the skill of calligraphy almost impossible, as the rounded tips weren’t the best contour around draw the fine turns and curves required by calligraphic rules. William Morris, the British poet, re-introduced the flat-edged pen and cut back the skill of calligraphy, founding a society in England in 1922 that promoted fine penmanship and calligraphic skills.
Using the advent of the pc and also the simplicity of use of graphic programs, it’s easier than ever to print script. Calligraphy is constantly on the flourish, however, with more societies dedicated to the art than ever before. Today’s calligraphic artist tries to convey the good thing about the words through the art from the lettering.
Calligraphy writing also enjoys a long history in Asia and the Middle East. Arabic and Asian calligraphy forms have always been appreciated as pieces of art and beauty. Calligraphic artists in the Asian and Arabic schools think that the good thing about the term comes with the drawing from the character, and both forms have strict rules outlining how each character ought to be drawn that have been developed over thousands of years.